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Test Scores

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You may be required to submit one or more of the following test scores. Click on each link below to learn more about each test and how requirements are determined:

Each test is administered by the Educational Testing Service (ETS). We encourage you to register early to maximize the chances of securing your preferred test date and location and to ensure that your scores arrive by your graduate program’s application deadline.


Graduate Record Examination (GRE)

Each graduate program sets its own policy on GRE General Test and GRE Subject Test scores — required, optional, or not considered. Refer to the Explore Graduate Programs page to view each program’s testing policy.

Reporting Official Scores

If GRE scores are required by your program, you must report your official scores directly to Stanford from ETS. Stanford’s ETS institutional code is 4704. Individual department code numbers are not necessary. As long as you select the institutional code of 4704, the score is electronically delivered to Stanford.

Scores expire after five years and will not be available from ETS. See below for the earliest test date Stanford considers to be valid.

Entry Term

Application Open Date

Earliest Valid Test Date

Autumn 2023-2024

September 2022

September 1, 2017

Graduate programs may enforce a stricter validity period (e.g., based on their application deadline). Refer to the program’s website.

Any scores you self-report on the application are considered unofficial but sufficient for the initial review process.


Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL)

If your first language is not English, you are required to submit an official test score from the Test of English as a Foreign Language Internet-Based Test (TOEFL iBT).

  • We accept the TOEFL iBT Home Edition and TOEFL iBT Paper Edition if you are unable to take the traditional TOEFL iBT test in a test center. If you take the Home Edition or Paper Edition, you may be required to complete additional English placement testing prior to enrollment.
  • We do not accept TOEFL Essentials scores or any other English proficiency test (e.g., IELTS, PTE).

Minimum TOEFL Requirements

Stanford’s minimum TOEFL score requirement varies depending on your field of study and planned degree:

Program Type

Minimum Score

Doctoral Programs: all

100

Master’s Programs: all except School of Engineering

100

Master’s Programs: School of Engineering

89

If you score below 109 on the TOEFL and you are admitted, you will likely be required to complete additional English placement testing prior to the start of classes.

Reporting Official Scores

If TOEFL scores are required for your application, you must report your official scores directly to Stanford from ETS. Stanford’s ETS institutional code is 4704. Individual department code numbers are not necessary. As long as you select the institutional code of 4704, the score is electronically delivered to Stanford.

Scores expire after two years and will not be available from ETS. See below for the earliest test date Stanford considers to be valid.

Entry Term

Application Open Date

Earliest Valid Test Date

Autumn 2023-2024

September 2022

September 1, 2020

We accept MyBest scores, which combine your highest section scores from all test dates within the last two years.

Any scores you self-report on the application are considered unofficial but sufficient for the initial review process.

TOEFL Exemptions

You are exempt from submitting a TOEFL score if you meet one of the following criteria:

  • You (will) have a bachelor’s, master’s, or doctoral degree from a regionally-accredited college or university in the United States (excluding territories and possessions).
  • You (will) have an equivalent degree from an English-language university in Australia, Canada, Ireland, New Zealand, Singapore, or the United Kingdom.

The online application will not require you to submit a TOEFL score if you meet one of the criteria listed above for an exemption.

U.S. citizenship does not automatically exempt you from taking the TOEFL if your first language is not English.

TOEFL Waivers

You may request a waiver in the online application if you (will) have a bachelor’s, master’s, or doctoral degree from a recognized institution in a country other than Australia, Canada, Ireland, New Zealand, Singapore, and the United Kingdom in which English was the language of instruction.

  • You will be asked to provide the URL for the page on your institution's official website stating the language of instruction.
  • If your institution offers instruction in languages other than English, you must upload an official statement from your institution certifying that your program was taught exclusively in English.