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Required Exams

Applicants are encouraged to register early to maximize the chances of scheduling preferred test dates and times. For details and registration information explore the ETS web site. Official scores must be reported directly to Stanford from Educational Testing Service. Stanford’s ETS institutional code is 4704. Individual department code numbers are not necessary.  As long as the institutional code of 4704 is selected, the score will be electronically delivered to Stanford.

GRE (Graduate Record Examination) General Test

Some departments require the Graduate Record Exam (GRE) General Test. In addition, some departments also require the subject exam. Refer to programs

  • Scores expire after five years and will not be available from ETS.

  • Test scores received by Graduate Admissions prior to September 1, 2019 are no longer retained on file. If you had ETS send test scores to Stanford but you did NOT submit an application, you must request that ETS resend the scores if you submit an application in the future.

  • See the Graduate Record Exam website for more information.

  • COVID-19 Update: Departments who accept the GRE test are also accepting the GRE at-home test for those impacted by COVID. 

TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign Language)

Applicants whose first language is not English must submit an official test score from the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) and earn at least the University minimum required TOEFL score to be eligible for admission as detailed below.

Stanford accepts only ETS (Educational Testing Service) scores; performance on other tests and coursework will not be accepted. 

Minimum TOEFL Requirements

Stanford's minimum TOEFL score varies depending on your field of study and degree sought. Please see the table below for minimum scores:

You are applying to: Internet-Based TOEFL
Doctoral Programs: all fields 100
Master's Programs: Humanities, Social Sciences, Education 100
Master's Programs: School of Engineering 89


  • In addition to the above, incoming students who scored below 109 on the TOEFL will likely be required to complete additional English placement testing prior to enrollment.
  • December 2021 Update: Stanford now considers TOEFL scores to be valid for two years (in alignment with ETS policy) rather than 18 months. This policy is effective for all applicants with an intended entry term in 2022 or later.
  • We accept MyBest scores but at this time we are not accepting TOEFL Essentials test scores.
  • TOEFL iBT Special Home Edition: If no testing sites are available due to COVID-19, you may send official scores from the TOEFL iBT Special Home Edition. If you are offered admission and accept the offer, you may be asked to take an English Placement Exam at Stanford.
  • Applicants to Stanford's professional schools should check the specific school's website for relevant guidance.

TOEFL Exemptions

You are exempt from submitting a TOEFL score if you meet one the following criteria:
     A. You (will) have a bachelor’s, master’s, or doctoral degree from a regionally- accredited college or university in the United States (territories and possessions excluded).
     B. You (will) have an equivalent degree from an English-language university in Australia, Canada, Ireland, New Zealand, Singapore, and the United Kingdom.

You may request a waiver if you (will) have an equivalent degree from a recognized institution in a country other than Australia, Canada, Ireland, New Zealand, Singapore, and the United Kingdom in which English was the language of instruction. You must submit a Stanford application before submitting a TOEFL waiver request form.

U.S. Citizens

U.S. citizenship does not automatically exempt an applicant from taking the TOEFL if the applicant’s first language is not English.